Originally and for purists, stalking and hunting from hides were reserved for controlling game populations in terms of both quantity (numbers) and quality (controlling sickly, ill or weak individuals).
It is still the main way of putting down animals for sanitary reasons.
When it comes to shooting, the basic principle of stalking is TO FIRE A CLEAN SHOT
There are three conditions to fulfil for a clean shot:
• The animal should be stationary.
• The animal should be facing away.
• There should not be any obstacles between the animal and the hunter.
First and foremost the hunter must ensure complete safety and check that they can shoot without any danger. Hunters should also take shots with the help of a rest (bipod or tripod for stalking, or a ledge when hunting from a hide).
THE HUNTER SHOULD ONLY SHOOT AN ANIMAL THAT HAS BEEN FULLY IDENTIFIED (AND PREVIOUSLY SELECTED).
THE SHOT SHOULD NOT BE TAKEN HASTILY.
THE HUNTER SHOULD BE AIMING FOR A HUMANE KILL (NECK OR HEART).
THE SHOT SHOULD BE TAKEN FROM A REASONABLE DISTANCE (AROUND A HUNDRED METRES).
SHOTS SHOULD NOT BE TAKEN IN THE FOLLOWING CIRCUMSTANCES:
• DOUBTS OVER SAFETY.
• MOVING ANIMAL.
• SHOOTING THROUGH COVER.
• AN UNSTEADY AIM (DON'T SHOOT WITHOUT USING A REST, OR SHOOT FROM TOO GREAT A DISTANCE)
AFTER TAKING A SHOT
After taking a shot, there are two possible scenarios:
THE ANIMAL IS HIT AND IT STAYS WHERE IT IS
THE HUNTER SHOULD TAKE THE FOLLOWING MEASURES:
• Mark the spot.
• Dispatch a wounded animal.
• Immediate evisceration.
THE ANIMAL FLEES
THE HUNTER SHOULD ACT AS FOLLOWS:
• Carefully observe the animal's behaviour and note which way it fled.
• Wait several minutes (4 to 5 minutes), check the place where the animal was and look for tracks (blood, hairs and bone).
• If there are tracks, mark them visibly.
• Walk beside the trail, not on it.
• Call in a registered bloodhound handler (after correctly marking the tracks).